Resources

Deepen your understanding of the scientific research that undergirds our models and how to use them by delving into related publications or attending one of our GHMBC Users’ Workshops.

2024 GHBMC Users’ Workshop

The GHBMC Users’ Workshops gather a cross-section of Elemance users on an annual basis to explore model updates, new use cases and a wide variety of current research using the model.

GHBMC Publications

Explore both past and present peer-reviewed publications that serve as the scientific bedrock of the GHBMC Human Body Models.

TitleAuthorsPublication DateLink
Development and preliminary validation of computationally efficient and detailed 50th percentile female human body modelsRobinson, Andrea; von Kleeck, B Wade; Gayzik, F ScottJune 28, 2023

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Assessment of Abdominal and Skeletal loadings and Kinematics during Frontal Impacts through a Novel Tool for HBM Variants Generation Based on the Occupant’s BMIZouzlas, D.; Fokylidis, A.; Lioras, A.; Rorris, L. September 13, 2023

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Injury Risk Evaluation for Mid-sized Females using Finite Element Human Body ModelsHasija, Vikas; Ruparel, Tejas; Kelkar, Rohit; Craig, Matthew J.; Takhounts, Erik G.September 13, 2023

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Simulation Based Ankle Injury Evaluation using GHBMC Modular Human Body ModelsRuparel, Tejas; Hasija, Vikas; Takhounts, ErikSeptember 13, 2023

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Investigating the Effects of Pre-Pretensioning on Occupant Kinematics and Abdominal Organ Response during Pre-Crash and In-CrashSoni, Anurag; Schilling, Stefan; Lucht, AndreasSeptember 13, 2023

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Evaluation of Brain Rotational Injury Criteria (BrIC) in vehicle frontal crashesPrasad, Priya; Barbat, Saeed D.: Kalra, Anil; Kim, Agnes S.; Dalmotas, Dainius D.; Zhang, LiyingSeptember 2, 2023

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Assessment of GHBMC M50-P Response for Behind Armour Blunt Trauma – Impact Loading with Approximation of 3D Surface of the Armour Back Face DisplacementJenerowicz, Marcin; Matt, Patrick; Boljen, Matthias; Bauer, Steffen; Straßburger, Elmar; Hiermaier, StefanSeptember 13, 2023

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Preliminary validation of the GHBMC average male occupant models and 70YO aged model in far-side impactKoya, Bharath; Devane, Karan; Fuentes, Diana A. Madrid; Mischo, Seth H.; Gayzik, F. ScottDecember 1, 2023

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Methodology to Predict Strain of Bridging Vein Due to Rotation of HeadTakahashi, Yukou; Yanaoka, ToshiyukiSeptember 11, 2023

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Lower Extremity Injury Risk Curve Development For A Human Body Model In The Underbody Blast EnvironmentHostetler, Zachary S; Gayzik, F. ScottSeptember 8, 2023

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Investigation on Effects of Whole-Body Kinematics During Collision On Pedestrian InjuriesHidetoshi, Nakamura; Hiroyuki, Asanuma; Bae, HyejinApril 3, 2023

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Assessment of finite element human body and ATD models in estimating injury risk in far-side impacts using field-based injury riskDevane, Karan; Hsu, Fang-Chi; Koya, Bharath; Davis, Matthew; Weaver, Ashley A; Gayzik, F. Scott; Guleyupoglu, BerkanNovember 1, 2023

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Modal analysis of computational human brain dynamics during helmeted impactsRezayaraghi, Fargol; Abderezaei, Javid; Ozkaya, Efe; Stein, Devlin; Pionteck, Aymeric; Kurt, MehmetAugust 22, 2023

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A Comparison of the SID-IIs ATD to the Global Human Body Model Consortium Fifth Percentile Female Model in the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) Updated Side Impact Crash Test (Side 2.0)Dellicolli, Anthony; Dix, Jeff; Morris, Russ; Shurtz, Benjamin KApril 3, 2023

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Virtual Assessment of a Representative Torso Airbag under the Fall from Height Impact ConditionsAranda-Marco, Raul; Peldschus, SteffenJuly 28, 2023

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Classifying Diverse Population For Adaptive Restraint System By Using Finite Element Human Body ModelsLin, Chin-Hsu; Rao, NarsimhaApril 3, 2023

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Influence of Time Constants and Directional Interaction of a Kinematics Based Brain Injury Metric on Its Predictive Capability of Brain Strain Response in Car CrashesToshiyuki, YanaokaApril 3, 2023

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Lower Extremity Validation of a Human Body Model for High Rate Axial Loading in the Underbody Blast EnvironmentHostetler, Zachary; Caffrey, Juliette; Aira, Jazmine; Gayzik, F. ScottJune 27, 2023

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Evaluation of THOR-50M, WORLDSID-50M and GHBMC M50-O v6.0 Models in Far-Side CrashesZhao, Jay; Vasant; Deepak; Shkoukani, Sabannavar MutazApril 1, 2023

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Effect of muscle activation scheme in human head-neck model on estimating cervical spine ligament strain from military volunteer frontal impact dataGerringer, Jesse W.; Somasundaram, Karthik; Pintar, Frank A.September 1, 2023

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Injury Risk Estimation in Far-Side Impacts using Small Female and Average Male Finite Element Human Body ModelsDevane, Karan; Koya, Bharath; Weaver, Ashley A.; Gayzik, F. Scott; Hsu, Fang-Chi; Davis, Matthew; Guleyupoglu, BerkanApril 1, 2023

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Response of small female and midsize male models with active musculature in pre-crash maneuvers and low-speed impactsDevane, Karan; Chan, Hana; Albert, Devon; Kemper, Andrew; Gayzik, F. ScottJune 2, 2023

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Effectiveness of Wearable Protection Equipment for Seated PedestriansGrindle, Daniel; Untaroiu, CostinMay 30, 2023

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Combining protective clothes with human body models for finite element ballistic impact simulationsBoljen, Matthias; Jenerowicz, Marcin; Bauer, Steffen; Straßburger, ElmarMay 7, 2023

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Dynamic human body models in vehicle safety: An overviewFahse, N.; Millard, M.; Kempter, F.; Maier, S.; Roller, M.; Fehr, J.April 26, 2023

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Computational Assessment of Positional Sensitivity to Injury in Spacecraft OccupantsMenon, Srihari; Ayari, Rami; Currie-Gregg, Nancy JOctober 27, 2022

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Effects of Standing, Upright Seated, vs. Reclined Seated Postures on Astronaut Injury Biomechanics for Lunar LandingsLalwala, Mitesh; Koya, Bharath; Devane, Karan S; Hsu, Fang-Chi; Yates, Keegan M; Newby, Nathaniel J; Somers, Jeffrey T; Gayzik, F. Scott; Stitzel, Joel D; Weaver, Ashley ANovember 9, 2022

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An investigation of elderly occupant injury risks based on anthropometric changes compared to young counterpartsUmale, Sagar; Khandelwal, Prashant; Humm, John R.; Yoganandan, NarayanNovember 21, 2022

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ES2re, WS50M, and Human Body Model in Far-Side Impact Sled ImpactsEl-Jawahri, Raed E.April 11, 2023

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A simulation-based study for optimizing proportional-integral-derivative controller gains for different control strategies of an active upper extremity model using experimental dataDevane, Karan; Gayzik, F. ScottJanuary 9, 2023

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Effect of Active Muscles on Astronaut Kinematics and Injury Risk for Piloted Lunar Landing and Launch While StandingLalwala, Mitesh; Devane, Karan S; Koya, Bharath; Hsu, Fang-Chi; Yates, Keegan M; Newby, Nathaniel J; Somers, Jeffrey T; Gayzik, F. Scott; Stitzel, Joel D; Weaver, Ashley AJanuary 18, 2023

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Modular incorporation of deformable spine and 3D neck musculature into a simplified human body finite element modelLalwala, Mitesh; Koya, Bharath; Devane, Karan; Gayzik, F. Scott; Weaver, Ashley A.January 19, 2023

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Computational Seated Pedestrian Impact Design of Experiments with Ultralight WheelchairGrindle, Daniel; Untaroiu, CostinFebruary 16, 2023

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Validation of a Football Helmet Finite Element Model and Quantification of Impact Energy DistributionCorrales, M.A.; Gierczycka, D.; Barker, J.; Bruneau, D.; Bustamante, M.C.; Cronin, D.S.September 23, 2019

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Vestibulocollic and Cervicocollic Muscle Reflexes in a Finite Element Neck Model During Multidirectional ImpactsCorreia, Matheus A; McLachlin, Stewart D.; Cronin, Duane S.May 3, 2021

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A Hyper-Viscoelastic Continuum-Level Finite Element Model of the Spinal Cord Assessed for Transverse Indentation and Impact LoadingRycman, Aleksander; McLachlin, Stewart; Cronin, Duane S.August 12, 2021

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Muscle Activation Affects Kinematic Response and Injury Risk in Non-Traditional Oblique Impact Scenarios Assessed with a Head and Neck Finite Element ModelBarker, Jeffrey; Cronin, Duane S.March 23, 2022

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Sex and Age Affects the Neck Biomechanical Responses in Frontal and Rear Impacts Assessed Using Detailed Finite Element Head and Neck ModelsCorrales, MA; Cronin, DSSeptember 21, 2021

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Comparison of numerical methods for cerebrospinal fluid representation and fluid-structure interaction during transverse impact of a finite element spinal cord modelRycman, Aleksander; McLachlin, Stewart; Cronin, Duane S.January 17, 2022

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Arc-Length Re-Parametrization and Signal Registration to Determine a Characteristic Average and Statistical Response Corridors of Biomechanical DataHartlen, Devon C.; Cronin, Duane S.March 24, 2022

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Cortical bone continuum damage mechanics constitutive model with stress triaxiality criterion to predict fracture initiation and patternCronin D.S.; Watson B.; Khor F.; Gierczycka D.; Malcolm S.October 17, 2022

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Development and Validation of a 95th Percentile Male Pedestrian Finite Element ModelPak, Wansoo; Untaroiu, CostinJune 12, 2016

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A Finite Element Model of a 6-Year-Old Child for Simulating Pedestrian ImpactsUntaroiu, Costin; Schap, Jeremy; Gayzik, ScottOctober 1, 2015

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A 6 Year-Old Pediatric Finite Element Model for Simulating Pedestrian ImpactsMeng, Yunzhu; Guleyupoglu, Berkan; Koya, Bharath; Gayzik, Scott; Untaroiu, Costin D.June 12, 2016

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Preliminary Validation of a Detailed Finite Element Model of a 50th Percentile Male PedestrianPak, Wansoo; Guleyupoglu, Berkan; Koya, Bharath; Gayzik, Scott; Untaroiu, CostinJune 10, 2018

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The Influence of Gait Stance and Vehicle Type on Pedestrian Kinematics and Injury RiskPak, Wansoo; Grindle, Daniel; Untaroiu, CostinOctober 1, 2021

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BRIC and Field Brain Injury RiskTakhounts, Erik G.; Hasija, Vikas; Craig, Matthew J.June 10, 2019

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Simulation Assessment of Injury Trends for 50th Percentile Males Using Potential Seating Configurations of Future Automated Driving System (ADS) Equipped VehiclesHasija, Vikas; Kelkar, Rohit; Takhounts, Erik G.June 10, 2019

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Parametric Analysis and Optimization of Variables Affecting the Brain Injury Criterion (BrIC) in Various Crash ScenariosHasija, Vikas; Takhounts, Erik G.; Craig, Matthew J.August 19, 2019

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Injury metrics comparison between 50th percentile male Hybrid III and GHBMC finite element (FE) models in potential seating positions of the Automated Driving Systems (ADS) equipped vehiclesKelkar, Rohit; Hasija, Vikas; Takhounts, Erik G.September 11, 2019

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On the importance of the forces and moments at the occipital condyles in predicting ligamentous cervical spine injuriesVikas, Hasija; Takhounts, Erik; Lee, Ellen; Craig, MatthewSeptember 13, 2017

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Implementation and calibration of active small female and average male human body models using low-speed frontal sled testsDevane, Karan; Chan, Hana; Albert, Devon; Kemper, Andrew; Gayzik, F. ScottSeptember 15, 2022

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Development and Validation of an Active Muscle Simplified Finite Element Human Body Model in a Standing PostureLalwala, Mitesh; Devane, Karan S.; Koya, Bharath; Vu, Linh Q.; Dolick, Kevin; Yates, Keegan M.; Newby, Nathaniel J.; Somers, Jeffrey T.; Gayzik, F. Scott; Stitzel, Joel D.; Weaver; Ashley A.September 20, 2022

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A Method for Thoracic Injury Risk Function Development for Human Body ModelsForman, Jason; Kulkarni, Shubham; Perez‐Rapela, Daniel; Mukherjee, Sayak; Panzer, Matthew; Hallman, JasonSeptember 14, 2022

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Development and Analysis of Metrics to Predict 5th Percentile Female Brain Strain Using Rotational Head KinematicsReynier, Kristen A.; Forman, Jason L.; Mueller, Becky C.; Jermakian, Jessica S.; Panzer, Matthew B.September 14, 2022

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Spinal Cord Boundary Conditions Affect Brain Tissue Strains in Impact SimulationsRycman, Aleksander; McLachlin, Stewart D.; Cronin, Duane S.September 14, 2022

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Evaluation of GHBMC, THUMS and SAFER Human Body Models in Frontal Impacts in Reclined PosturesGepner, Bronislaw D.; Perez-Rapela, Daniel; Forman, Jason L.; Ostling, Martin; Pipkorn, Bengt; Kerrigan, Jason R.September 14, 2022

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Evaluation of the GHBMC Lumbar Spine in Sub-injurious and Injurious LoadingTushak, Sophia K.; Gepner, Bronislaw D.; Pipkorn, Bengt; Kerrigan, Jason R.September 14, 2022

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Comparisons of head injury risk prediction methods to field data in far-side impactsDevane, Karan; Hsu, Fang-Chi; Koya, Bharath; Davis, Matthew; Weaver, Ashley A.; Gayzik, F. Scott; Guleyupoglu, BerkanOctober 3, 2022

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Fracture Sensitivity of a Human head Model in Surrogate Drone ImpactsPozzi, Clément; Paccard, Bastien; Bermond, François; Beillas, PhilippeSeptember 14, 2022

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Comparison of small female occupant model responses with experimental data in a reclined postureUmale, Sagar; Khandelwal, Prashant; Humm, John; Pintar, Frank; Yoganandan, NarayanOctober 12, 2022

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A validated lower extremity model to investigate the effect of stabilizing knee components in pedestrian collisionsGrindle, Daniel; Aira, Jazmine; Gayzik, Francis Scott; Untaroiu, CostinSeptember 12, 2022

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Occupant Injury and Response on Oblique-Facing Aircraft Seats: A Computational StudySomasundaram, Karthik; Humm, John R.; Khandelwal, Prashant; Umale, Sagar; Moorcroft, David M.; Pintar, Frank A.October 6, 2022

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Sensitivity Analysis for Multidirectional Spaceflight Loading and Muscle Deconditioning on Astronaut ResponseLalwala, Mitesh; Devane, Karan S.; Koya, Bharath; Hsu, Fang-Chi; Gayzik, F. Scott; Weaver, Ashley A.August 26, 2022

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Simulated Astronaut Kinematics and Injury Risk for Piloted Lunar Landings and Launches While StandingLalwala, Mitesh; Koya, Bharath; Devane, Karan S; Hsu, Fang-Chi; Yates, Keegan M; Newby, Nathaniel J; Somers, Jeffrey T; Gayzik, F Scott; Stitzel, Joel D; Weaver, Ashley AJuly 11, 2022

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Enhancing the Biofidelity of an Upper Cervical Spine Finite Element Model Within the Physiologic Range of Motion and Its Effect on the Full Ligamentous Neck Model ResponseHadagali, Prasannaah ; Cronin, Duane SAugust 19, 2022

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Assessment of brain injury characterization and influence of modeling approachesYang, Saichao; Tang, Jisi; Nie, Bingbing; Zhou, QingAugust 10, 2022

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Methodology to geometrically age human body models to average and subject-specific anthropometrics, demonstrated using a small stature female model assessed in a side impactCorrales, MA; Bolte, J; Malcolm, S; Pipkorn, B; Cronin, DSAugust 18, 2022

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AF05 Bicyclist’s Head Kinematics in Car-to-Ebike Perpendicular and Angular ImpactsPal, Chinmoy; Vallabhaneni, Pratapnaidu; Kulothungan, Vimalathithan; Manoharan, Jeyabharath; Shigeru, HirayamaNovember 9, 2020

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Biofidelity Assessment of a GHBMC M50 in Rear-Facing Seating Configuration during a High-Speed Frontal ImpactPradhan, V.; Ramachandra, R.; Stammen, J.; Moorhouse, K.; Bolte, J.; Kang, Y.S.May 24, 2021

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Analysis of seat cushion comfort by employing a finite element buttock model as a supplement to pressure measurementYadav, Sunil Kumar; Huang, Can; Mo, Fuhao; Li, Junjie; Chen, Jianping; Xiao, ZhiNovember 1, 2021

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Comparisons of Initial Joint Angles and Test Buck Reaction Forces for Relaxed and Braced 5 th Percentile Female and 50th Percentile Male Volunteers and Analogous Active Human Body Models in a Simulated Driver’s SeatChan, Hana; Devane, Karan S.; Albert, Devon L.; Gayzik, F. Scott; Kemper, Andrew R.September 9, 2021

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Effects of seat pan and pelvis angles on the occupant response in a reclined position during a frontal crashGrebonval, Cyrille; Trosseille, Xavier; Petit, Philippe; Wang, Xuguang; Beillas, PhilippeSeptember 20, 2021

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Development and implementation of a time- and computationally-efficient methodology for reconstructing real-world crashes using finite element modeling to improve crash injury research investigationsCosta, Casey; Gaewsky, James P.; Stitzel, Joel D.; Gayzik, F. Scott; Hsu, Fang-Chi; Martin, R. Shayn; Miller, Anna N.December 6, 2021

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Effect of body size and enhanced helmet systems on risk for motorsport driversDecker, William B.; Jones, Derek A.; Devane, Karan; Hsu, Fang-Chi; Davis, Matthew L.; Patalak, John P.; Gayzik F. ScottSeptember 28, 2021

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Analyzing the Force Variation and Response of a Human Body Finite Element Model in the Underbody Blast EnvironmentHostetler, Zachary S.; Aira, Jazmine; Caffrey, Juliette; Gayzik, F. ScottSeptember 8, 2021

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Longitudinal Tibia Stress Fracture Risk During High-Volume Training: A Multiscale Modeling Pipeline Incorporating Bone RemodelingPyles, Connor O.; Dunphy, Melissa; Vavalle, Nicholas A.; Vignos, Michael F.; Luong, Quang T.; Ott, KyleApril 25, 2022

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Deep learning methodology for predicting time history of head angular kinematics from simulated crash videosHasija, Vikas; Takhounts, Erik G.April 20, 2022

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Analysis of chest response characters for drivers in lateral and oblique automotive impactXiao, Sen; Wu, Jindong; Hou, Jingpu; Mo, Fuhao; Liu, Zhixin; Ma, Wejie; Zhang, HaoMay 10, 2022

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Investigation of traffic accidents involving seated pedestrians using a finite element simulation-based approachGrindle, Daniel; Balubaid, Ahmed; Untaroiu, CostinMay 4, 2022

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Comparison of Kinematic Behavior and Injury Measures of Male THOR and GHBMC M50-O v6.0 Model in Oblique Far-Side Sled TestsZhao, Jay; Lee, SungwooOctober 26, 2021

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Effect of Reclined and Rotated Seating for Automated Driving SystemsReichert, Rudolf; Kan, Cing-Dao (Steve)June 7, 2022

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Influence of morphological variation on brain impact responses among youth and young adultsLiu, Jiacheng; Jin, Jionghua (Judy); Eckner, James T.; Ji, Songbai; Hu, JingwenMarch 20, 2022

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A study on motorcyclist head reponses during impact against front end of vehicleXiao, Zhi; Wang, Li; Zhang, Yunfei; Yang, ChunhuiJune 21, 2020

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Development and Validation of a New Anisotropic Visco-Hyperelastic Human Head Finite Element Model Capable of Predicting Multiple Brain InjuriesLyu, Ding; Zhou, Runzhou; Lin, Chin-Hsu; Prasad, Priya; Zhang, LiyingMarch 24, 2022

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Assessment of Brain Injury Characterization and Influence of Modeling of Skull-Brain InterfaceYang S; Tang J; Nie B; Zhou QMarch 10, 2022

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Importance of passive muscle, skin, and adipose tissue mechanical properties on head and neck response in rear impacts assessed with a finite element modelGierczycka, Donata; Rycman, Aleksander; Cronin, DuaneMay 26, 2021

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Computational Biomechanics Model for Analysis of Cervical Spinal Cord Deformations Under Whiplash-Type LoadingTan, Daniel; Hodgetts, Stuart I.; Dunlop, Sarah; Miller, Karol; Ono, Koshiro; Wittek, AdamJuly 18, 2021

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Development and multi-level validation of a computational model to predict traumatic aortic injuryZeng, Wei; Caudillo, Adrian; Mukherjee, Sayak; Lee, Sang-Hyun; Panzer, Matthew B.September 1, 2021

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Effect of various restraint configurations on submarining occurrence across varied seat configurations in autonomous driving system environmentRawska, Katarzyna; Gepner, Bronislaw; Kerrigan, Jason R.August 17, 2021

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Toward subject-specific evaluation: methods of evaluating finite element brain models using experimental high-rate rotational brain motionAlshareef, Ahmed; Wu, Taotao; Guidice, J. Sebastian; Panzer, Matthew B.August 25, 2021

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Head Kinematics and Injury Metrics for Laboratory Hockey-Relevant Head Impact ExperimentsLevy, Yanir; Bian, Kewei; Patterson, Luke; Ouckama, Ryan; Mao, HaojieSeptember 1, 2021

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Purposeful Heading Performed by Female Youth Soccer Players Leads to Strain Development in Deep Brain StructuresBrooks, Jeffrey S.; Allison, Wayne; Harriss, Alexandra; Bian, Kewei; Mao, Haojie; Dickey, James P.January 14, 2021

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Importance of the Cervical Capsular Joint Cartilage Geometry on Head and Facet Joint Kinematics Assessed in a Finite Element Neck ModelCorrales, MA; Cronin, DSMay 17, 2021

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Comparison of injuries in multiple and single event crashesTushak, Sophia K.; McMurry, Timothy L.; Lee, Sang-Hyun; Hong, Seok-Ho; Kerrigan, Jason R.March 10, 2021

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Restraint systems considering occupant diversity and pre-crash postureBoyle, Kyle; Fanta, Abeselom; Reed, Matthew P.; Fischer, Kurt; Smith, Alex; Adler, Angelo; Hu, JingwenMarch 12, 2021

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Human Thoracolumbar Spine Tolerance to Injury and Mechanisms From Caudo-Cephalad Loading: A Parametric Modeling StudyYoganandan, Narayan; Khandelwal, Prashant; Porwal, Vaibhav; Humm, John; Banerjee, AnjishnuFebruary 1, 2021

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Importance of impact boundary conditions and pre-crash arm position for the prediction of thoracic response to pendulum, side sled, and near side vehicle impactsGierczycka, Donata; Cronin, DuaneMarch 22, 2021

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Brain response of a computational head model for prescribed skull kinematics and simulated football helmet impact boundary conditionsBruneau, David A.; Cronin, Duane S.January 5, 2021

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Brain response of a computational head model for prescribed skull kinematics and simulated football helmet impact boundary conditionsYoganandan, Narayan; Khandelwal, Prashant; Porwal, Vaibhav; Humm, John; Banerjee, AnjishnuFebruary 1, 2021

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Occupant Safety in Vehicles Equipped With Automated Driving Systems, Part 3: Biofidelity Evaluation of GHBMC M50-OS Against Laboratory Sled TestsPoulard, David; Hongnan, Lin; Panzer, Matthew B.July 7, 2020

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A detailed finite element model of a mid-sized male for the investigation of traffic pedestrian accidentsGrindle, Daniel; Pak, Wansoo; Guleyupoglu, Berkan; Koya, Bharath; Gayzik, F. Scott; Song, Eric; Untaroiu, CostinDecember 10, 2020

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Head injury of CHARM-70 FE model and a comparative study with Hybrid III and GHBMC modelWu, Hequan; Qian, Xiaoyan; Ren, Qifan; Zhan, XuehuiNovember 24, 2020

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Load-Sharing and Kinematics of the Human Cervical Spine Under Multi-Axial Transverse Shear Loading: Combined Experimental and Computational InvestigationWhyte, Tom; Barker, Jeffrey: Cronin, Duane; Dumas, Geneviève A.; Nolte, Lutz; Cripton, PeterFebruary 4, 2021

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Evaluate the effect of seat back restriction on head, neck and torso responses of front seat occupants when subjected to a moderate speed rear-impactRamachandra, Rakshit; Pradhan, Vikram; Kang, Yun Seok; Davidson, Russell; Humer, Mladen; Zhang, JianminApril 6, 2021

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Ranking and Rating Bicycle Helmet Safety Performance in Oblique Impacts Using Eight Different Brain Injury ModelsFahlstedt, Madelen; Abayazid, Fady; Panzer, Matthew B.; Trotta, Antonia; Zhao, Wei; Ghajari, Mazdak; Gilchrist, Michael D.; Ji,Songbai; Kleiven, Svein; Li, Xiaogai; Annaidh, Aisling Ní; Halldin, PeterJanuary 21, 2021

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Development and validation of an elderly human body model for frontal impactsUmale, Sagar; Khandelwal, Prashant; Humm, John; Yoganandan, NarayanNovember 11, 2020

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A Method to Use Kriging With Large Sets of Control Points to Morph Finite Element Models of the Human BodyJanák, Tomáš; Lafon, Yoann; Petit, Philippe; Beillas, PhilippeNovember 12, 2020

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Finite element simulation of head impacts in mixed martial artsTiernan, Stephen; Meagher, Aiden; O'Sullivan, David; O'Kelly, EoinOctober 5, 2020

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Obesity effects on pedestrian lower extremity injuries in vehicle-to-pedestrian impacts: A numerical investigation using human body modelsTang, Jisi; Zhou, Qing; Nie, Bingbing; Hu, JingwenOctober 23, 2020

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Overview of a combined computational–experimental evaluation for the assessment of panoramic sunroof impact characteristics for ejection mitigationRawska, Katarzyna; Gepner, Bronislaw; Shaw, Greg; Kerrigan, Jason R.September 24, 2018

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Pelvic Response of a Total Human Body Finite Element Model During Simulated Injurious Under Body Blast ImpactsWeaver, Caitlin; Guleyupoglu, Berkan; Miller, Anna; Kleinberger, Michael; Stitzel, Joel DNovember 17, 2020

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Sensitivity of Human Body Model Response Relative to the Lumbar Spine and Pelvic Tissue FormulationGepner, B.D.; Toczyski, J.; Rawska, K.; Moreau, D.; Kerrigan, J.R.September 10, 2020

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The Effect of Varying Enclosed Area and Age-Adjusted Cortical Bone Properties on the Structural Response of the Rib: A Simulation StudyFleischmann, Kevin M.; Hsu, Fang-Chi; Aira, Jazmine R.; Gayzik, F. ScottSeptember 10, 2020

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Simulation-based assessment of injury risk for an average male motorsport driverDecker, William B.; Jones, Derek A.; Devane, Karan; Davis, Matthew L.; Patalak, John P.; Gayzik, F. ScottAugust 28, 2020

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Using a Strain-Based Computational Approach for Ice Hockey Helmet Performance EvaluationLevy, Yanir; Gallone, Marco B.; Bian, Kewei; McDougall, Kierra; Ouckama, Ryan; Mao, HaojieSeptember 8, 2020

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Inverse material characterisation of human aortic tissue for traumatic injury in motor vehicle crashesGaur, Piyush; Sharma, Sanyam; Kumar, Devendra; Chawla, Anoop; Mukherjee, Sudipto; Jain, Mohit; Mayer, Christian; Chitteti, Ravi Kiran; Ghosh, Pronoy; Malhotra, Rajesh; Lalwani, SanjeevAugust 19, 2020

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Multi-level Validation of a Male Neck Finite Element Model with Active MusculatureBarker, Jeffrey B; Cronin, DuaneJuly 22, 2020

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Simulating cerebral edema and delayed fatality after traumatic brain injury using triphasic swelling biomechanicsBasilio, Andrew V; Xu, Peng; Takahashi, Yukou; Yanaoka, Toshiyuki; Sugaya, Hisaki; Ateshian, Gerard A.; Morrison III, BarclayOctober 24, 2019

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Biomechanics of Lumbar Motion-Segments in Dynamic CompressionArun, Mike W J; Hadagali, Prasannaah; Driesslein, Klaus; Curry, William; Yoganandan, Narayan; Pintar, Frank ANovember 1, 2017

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Comparing FE human body model rib geometry to population dataHolcombe, Sven A; Agnew, Amanda M; Derstine, Brian; Wang, Stewart CMay 22, 2020

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Development and validation of a finite element model of a small female pedestrianPak, Wansoo; Meng, Yunzhu; Schap, Jeremy; Koya, Bharath; Gayzik, Scott; Untaroiu, Costin D.August 13, 2020

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Determination of strain rate in modelling belt‐flesh‐pelvis interaction during frontal crashesSun, Zhaonan; Gepner, Bronislaw D.; Lee, Sang‐Hyun; Rigby, Joshua; Singh, Neil; Kerrigan, Jason R.June 1, 2020

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Computational study on extra-articular knee structures preventing the anterior cruciate ligament from re-rupturing using the GHBMC M50-PSBoljen M; Blanke FJune 18, 2020

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Effect of Cortical Bone Material Asymmetry Using a 3-Point Bend Test SimulationKhor F, Watson B, Gierczycka D, Malcolm S, Panzer MB, Cronin DSMay 16, 2016

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Effect of Pre-Position on the Response and Failure of a C4-C5 Segment FE ModelBoakye-Yiadom S; Barker J; Cronin DSMay 16, 2016

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Head Injury Metric Response in Finite Element ATDs and a Human Body Model in Multidirectional Loading RegimesJones DA; Gaewsky JP; Somers JT; Gayzik FS; Weaver AA; Stitzel JDJanuary 17, 2020

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Human Response and Injury Resulting From Head Impacts With Unmanned Aircraft SystemsStark, David B; Willis, Arrianna K; Eshelman, Zach; Kang, Yun-Seok; Ramachandra, Rakshit; Bolte, John H (IV); McCrink, MatthewNovember 1, 2019

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Optimization of Muscle Activation Schemes in a Finite Element Neck Model Simulating Volunteer Frontal Impact ScenariosCorreia, Matheus A; McLachlin, Stewart D; Cronin, Duane SMarch 16, 2020

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Finite Element Modeling of Potential Cervical Spine Pain Sources in Neutral Position Low Speed Rear ImpactCronin, Duane SFebruary 4, 2013

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Cervical Spine Response in Frontal CrashPanzer, MB; Fice, JB; Cronin, DSJune 14, 2011

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C4-C5 Segment Finite Element Model Development, Validation, and Load-Sharing InvestigationPanzer, MB; Cronin, DSMarch 11, 2009

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The effects of small seat swiveling angles on occupant responses during a frontal impactGrébonval, Cyrille; Trosseille, Xavier; Petit, Philippe; Wang, Xuguang; Beillas, PhilippeApril 14, 2020

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A Human Body Model Study on Restraints for Side-Facing Occupants in Frontal Crashes of an Automated VehicleZhao, Jay; Katagiri, Maika; Decker, William; Lee, Sungwoo; Gayzik, FrancisApril 14, 2020

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Validation of a simplified human body model in relaxed and braced conditions in low-speed frontal sled testsDevane, Karan; Johnson, Dale; Gayzik, F. ScottSeptember 24, 2019

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Submarining sensitivity across varied anthropometry in an autonomous driving system environmentRawska, Katarzyna; Gepner, Bronislaw; Kulkarni, Shubham; Chastain, Kalle; Zhu, Junjun; Richardson, Rachel; Perez-Rapela, Daniel; Forman, Jason; Kerrigan, Jason R.September 20, 2019

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Effect of seat belt and head restraint on occupant’s response during rear-end collisionHassan, Mohamed T.Z.; Meguid, S.A.June 1, 2018

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Development of a Second-Order System for Rapid Estimation of Maximum Brain StrainGabler, Lee F; Crandall, Jeff R; Panzer, Matthew BSeptember 1, 2019

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Head and Neck Response of an Active Human Body Model and Finite Element Anthropometric Test Device During a Linear Impactor Helmet TestBruneau, David A; Cronin, Duane SOctober 7, 2019

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Lumbar Spine Response of Computational Finite Element Models in Multidirectional Spaceflight Landing ConditionsYe, Xin; Jones, Derek A.; Gaewsky, James; Koya, Bharath; McNamara, Kyle; Saffarzadeh, Mona; Putnam, Jacob; Somers, Jeffrey; Gayzik, F. Scott; Stitzel, Joel D; Weaver, AshleyNovember 1, 2019

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Far-side occupant responses based on current US side-impact protocol using finite element human body modelsImam, Syed; Wu, Hwai-Chang; Yang, King-Hay; Barbat, SaeedAugust 27, 2019

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Evaluating thoracolumbar spine response during simulated underbody blast impact using a total human body finite element modelSomasundaram, K; Zhang, L., Sherman, D; Begeman, P.; Lyu, D; Cavanaugh, J.M.December 1, 2019

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Prediction of probability of fatality due to brain injury in traffic accidentsTakahashi, Yukou; Yanaoka, Toshiyuki; Sugaya, Hisaki; Basilio, Andrew Vasco; Xu, Peng; Ateshian, Gerard; Morrison III, BarclayAugust 5, 2019

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Validated thoracic vertebrae and costovertebral joints increase biofidelity of a human body model in hub impactsAira, J; Guleyupoglu, B; Jones, D; Koya, B; Davis, M; Gayzik, FSJuly 31, 2019

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Evaluation of Skeletal and Soft Tissue Contributions to Thoracic Response of GHBMC M50-O Model in Dynamic Frontal Loading ScenariosRamachandra, R; Kang, YS; Stammen, J; Moorhouse, K; Murach, M; Bolte IV, J; Agnew, ASeptember 11, 2019

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Comparison of the simplified GHBMC to PMHS kinematics in far-side impactPerez-Rapela, Daniel; Markusic, Craig; Whitcomb, Bryant; Pipkorn, Bengt; Forman, Jason L.; Crandall, Jeff R.September 11, 2019

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A Computational Study of the Biomechanical Response of the Human Lower Extremity Subjected to High Rate Vertical Accelerative LoadingHostetler, Zachary S.; Aira, Jazmine; Stitzel, Joel D.; Gayzik, F. ScottSeptember 11, 2019

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Biofidelity Evaluation of GHBMC Male Occupant Models in Rear ImpactsKatagiri, Maika; Zhao, Jay; Lee, Sungwoo; Moorhouse, Kevin; Kang, Yun-SeokSeptember 11, 2019

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A Human Modelling Study on Occupant Kinematics in Highly Reclined Seats during Frontal CrashesBoyle, Kyle J.; Reed, Matthew P.; Zaseck, Lauren W.; Hu, JingwenSeptember 11, 2019

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An Anatomic Indexing System for Costal Cartilage and Its Application in Calcification Representation in Finite-Element Human Body ModelsHuang, Y; Zhou, Q; Wang, SC; Nie, BB; Holcombe, SASeptember 11, 2019

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Femur Cross-Section Moments Estimation in Full-Scale PMHS Pedestrian TestsSong, Eric; Uriot, Jerome; Potier, Pascal; Petit, Philippe; Trosseille, Xavier; Douard, RichardSeptember 11, 2019

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Evaluation of finite element human body models for use in a standardized protocol for pedestrian safety assessmentDecker, William; Koya, Bharath; Pak, Wansoo; Untaroiu, Costin D.; Gayzik, F. ScottJuly 29, 2019

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Finite Element Model of a High-Stature Male Pedestrian for Simulating Car-to-Pedestrian CollisionsPak, Wansoo; Meng, Yunzhu; Schap, Jeremy; Koya, Bharath; Gayzik, Scott F.; Untaroiu, Costin D.June 1, 2019

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Frontal crash simulations using parametric human models representing a diverse populationHu, Jingwen; Zhang, Kai; Reed, Matthew P.; Wang, Jenne-Tai; Neal, Mark; Lin, Chin-HsuAugust 5, 2019

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Finite element modeling of human brain response to football helmet impactsDarling, T.; Muthuswamy, J.; Rajan, S.D.October 2, 2016

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Investigation on Generational Difference of Intracranial Responses Related to Traumatic Brain Injuries Using Age-Specific Human Head/Brain FE ModelsYanaoka, Toshiyuki; Dokko, YasuhiroApril 1, 2014

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Brain tissue strains vary with head impact location: A possible explanation for increased concussion risk in struck versus striking football playersElkin, Benjamin S.; Gabler, Lee F.; Panzer, Matthew B.; Siegmund, Gunter P.April 1, 2019

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Explicit Modeling of White Matter Axonal Fiber Tracts in a Finite Element Brain ModelWu, Taotao; Alshareef, Ahmed; Giudice, J. Sebastian; Panzer, Matthew B.March 14, 2019

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Occupant Safety in Automated Vehicles – Effect of Seatback Recline on Occupant RestraintForman, Jason; Lin, Hongnan; Gepner, Bronislaw; Wu, Taotao; Panzer, MatthewApril 17, 2019

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A reanalysis of football impact reconstructions for head kinematics and finite element modelingSanchez, EJ; Gabler, LF; Good, AB; Funk, JR; Crandall, JR; Panzer, MBApril 1, 2019

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Assessment of Head Kinematics for Bare Head and Helmeted Impacts Comparing an ATD and a Detailed Head and Neck Model with Active MusculatureBruneau, D; Cronin, DMay 4, 2019

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Evaluation of Head and Brain Injury Risk Functions Using Sub-Injurious Human Volunteer DataSanchez, Erin J.; Gabler, Lee F.; McGhee, James S.; Olszko, Ardyn V.; Chancey, V. Carol; Crandall, Jeff R; Panzer, Matthew B.August 15, 2017

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Can 1 –DOF Sled Tests Reproduce Real World Far‐Side Crashes? A Finite Element StudyArun, Mike W J; Umale, Sagar; Halloway, Dale; Pintar, Frank A.; Yoganandan, NarayanSeptember 1, 2017

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Factors influencing the effectiveness of occupant retention under far-side impacts: A parametric studyUmale, S; Yoganandan, N; Pintar, F; Arun, MAugust 1, 2018

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Development of a Procedure to Compare Kinematics of Human Body Models for Pedestrian SimulationsKlug,Corina; Feist, Florian; Raffler, Marco; Sinz, Wolfgang; Petit, Philippe J; van Ratingen, MichielSeptember 1, 2017

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Comparison of Muscle Activated HBMs in a Lane Change ManoeuvreKleinbach, Christian; Fehr, JörgSeptember 1, 2017

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Pelvic Injury Survival Analysis for a Finite Element Human Body Model Using Multiple Data SetsWeaver, C; Miller, A; Stitzel, JNovember 9, 2018

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Finite Element-Based Pelvic Injury Metric Creation and Validation in Lateral Impact for a Human Body ModelWeaver, C; Baker, A; Davis, M; Miller, A; Stitzel, JApril 4, 2018

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Objective Evaluation of Whole Body Kinematics in a Simulated, Restrained Frontal ImpactSchap, J; Koya, B; Gayzik, FFebruary 1, 2019

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Modeling Human Volunteers in Multidirectional, Uni-axial Sled Tests Using a Finite Element Human Body ModelGaewsky, J; Jones, D; Ye, X; Koya, B; McNamara, K; Gayzik, FS; Weaver, A; Putnam, J; Somers, J; Stitzel, JFebruary 1, 2019

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A preliminary study of human model head and neck response to frontal loading in nontraditional occupant seating configurationsGayzik, F. S., Koya, B., Davis, M. L.March 27, 2018

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Effects of Male Stature and Body Shape on Thoracic Impact Response Using Parametric Finite Element Human ModelingHu, Jingwen; Zhang, Kai Sheng; Fanta, Abeselom; Hwang, Eunjoo; Reed, Matthew P.June 1, 2017

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Vehicle crash simulations with morphed GHBMC human models of different stature, BMI, and ageHu, Jingwen; Fanta, Abeselom; Neal, Mark O.; Reed, Matthew P.; Wang, Jenne-TaiSeptember 1, 2016

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Stature and Body Shape Effects on Driver Injury Risks in Frontal Crashes: A Parametric Human Modelling StudyHu, Jingwen; Zhang, Kai; Fanta, Abeselom; Jones, Monica L.H.; Reed, Matthew P.; Neal, Mark; Wang, Jenne‐Tai; Lin, Chin‐Hsu; Cao, LiboSeptember 1, 2017

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Focusing on vulnerable populations in crashes recent advances in finite element human models for injury biomechanics researchJingwen, Hu; Rupp, Jonathan D.; Reed, Matthew P.September 1, 2012

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Importance of asymmetry and anisotropy in predicting cortical bone response and fracture using human body model femur in three-point bending and axial rotationKhor, F.; Cronin, D. S.; Watson, B.; Gierczycka, D.; Malcolm, S.November 1, 2018

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Evaluation of Biofidelity of the Human Body Model Morphed to Female with Abdominal Obesity in Frontal CrashesKim, Sung Rae; Lee, Inju; Kim, Hyung jooMarch 28, 2017

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Incorporating ligament laxity in a finite element model for the upper cervical spineLasswell, Timothy L; Cronin, Duane S; Medley, John B; Rasoulinejad, ParhamNovember 1, 2017

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A Parametric Study of Submarining for Obese Female Passengers using Morphed Human Body ModelsLee, Dongjin; Lee, Inju; Kim, Sungrae; Kim, Hyung Joo; Kim, Taewung; Shaw, GregSeptember 1, 2016

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Evaluation of Skull Cortical Thickness Changes With Age and Sex From Computed Tomography ScansLillie, Elizabeth M; Urban, Jillian E; Lynch, Sarah K; Weaver, Ashley A; Stitzel, Joel DAugust 8, 2015

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Qualification of Skeletal and Soft Tissue Contributions to Thoracic Response in a Dynamic Frontal Loading ScenarioMurach, Michelle M.; Kang, Yun-Seok; Bolte, John H.; Stark, David; Ramachandra, Rakshit; Agnew, Amanda M.; Moorhouse, Kevin; Stammen, JasonNovember 1, 2018

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Specifications of a Software Framework to Position and Personalize Human Body ModelsBeillas, P.; Petit, P.; Kleiven, S.; Kirscht, S.; Chawla, A.; Jolivet, E.; Faure, F.; Praxl, N.; Bhaskar, A.September 1, 2015

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Development of Simulation Based Liver and Spleen Injury Risk Curves for the GHBMC Detailed ModelsBeillas, Philippe; Berthet, FabienSeptember 1, 2018

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Effects of obesity on occupant responses in frontal crashes: a simulation analysis using human body modelsShi, Xiangnan; Cao, Libo; Reed, Matthew P; Rupp, Jonathan D; Hu, JingwenMarch 25, 2014

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Modeling of an Adjustable Generic Simplified Vehicle for Pedestrian Impact and Simulations of Corresponding Reference PMHS Tests Using the GHBMC 50th Percentile Male Pedestrian Simplified ModelSong, Eric; Petit, Philippe; Uriot, JeromeSeptember 1, 2018

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A Study of Injury Criteria for Brain Injuries in Traffic AccidentsTakahashi, Yukou; Yanaoka, ToshiyukiSeptember 1, 2017

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Transformation Smoothing to use after Positioning of Finite Element Human Body ModelsJanak, Tomas; Lafon, Yoann; Petit, Philippe; Beillas, PhilippeSeptember 1, 2018

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A Finite Element Model of a Midsize Male for Simulating Pedestrian AccidentsUntaroiu, Costin D.; Pak, Wansoo; Meng, Yunzhu; Schap, Jeremy; Koya, Bharath; Gayzik, ScottOctober 19, 2017

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Validation of Detailed Organ Modularity in a Simplified Human Body ModelDecker, William; Koya, Bharath; Gayzik, F. ScottSeptember 1, 2018

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Statistical shape analysis of the human spleen geometry for probabilistic occupant modelsYates, Keegan M; Lu, Yuan-Chiao; Untaroiu, Costin DSeptember 1, 2016

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An automated method to morph finite element whole-body human models with a wide range of stature and body shape for both men and womenZhang, Kai; Cao, Libo; Fanta, Abeselom; Reed, Matthew P.; Neal, Mark; Wang, Jenne-Tai; Lin, Chin-Hsu; Hu, JingwenJuly 26, 2017

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Automating Regional Rib Fracture Evaluation in the GHBMC Detailed Average Seated Male Occupant ModelGuleyupoglu, B; Barnard, R; Gayzik, FSeptember 1, 2017

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Failed rib region prediction in a human body model during crash events with precrash brakingGuleyupoglu, B; Koya, B; Barnard, R; Gayzik, FOctober 1, 2018

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A Cortical Thickness Mapping Method for the Coxal Bone Using MorphingGiudice, J.; Poulard, D; Nie, B; Wu, T; Panzer, MOctober 1, 2018

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Investigation of occupant arm position and door properties on thorax kinematics in side impact crash scenarios – comparison of ATD and human modelsGierczycka, D; Watson, B; Cronin, DApril 1, 2015

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Occupant thorax response variations due to arm position and restraint systems in side impact crash scenariosGierczycka, D.; Cronin, D.S.June 1, 2017

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Response of Post-Mortem Human Head Under Primary Blast Loading Conditions: Effect of Blast OverpressuresGanpule, S; Salzar, R; Chandra, NApril 1, 2013

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High‐Rate Mechanical Properties of Human Heel Pad for Simulation of a Blast Loading ConditionGabler, E; Panzer, M; Salzar, RApril 1, 2014

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Modular use of human body models of varying levels of complexity: Validation of head kinematicsDecker, W; Koya, B; Davis, M; Gayzik, FMay 26, 2017

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A Multi‐Modality Image Set for the Development of a 5th Percentile Female Finite Element ModelDavis, M; Moreno, D; Stitzel, J; Gayzik, FSeptember 1, 2014

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An Objective Evaluation of Mass Scaling Techniques Utilizing Computational Human Body Finite Element ModelsDavis, M; Gayzik, FSeptember 1, 2016

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On the importance of retaining stresses and strains in repositioning computational biomechanical models of the cervical spineBoakye-Yiadom, S; Cronin, DSeptember 1, 2017

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An investigation of human body model morphing for the assessment of abdomen responses to impact against a population of test subjectsBeillas, P.; Berthet, F.May 1, 2017

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Performance of a 50th Percentile Abdominal Model for Impact: Effects of Size and MassBeillas, P.; Berthet, F.July 1, 2012

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Performance of the Obese GHBMC Models in the Sled and Belt Pull Test ConditionsGepner,Bronislaw D.; Joodaki, Hamed; Sun, Zhaonan; Jayathirtha, Mohan; Kim,Taewung; Forman, Jason L.; Kerrigan, Jason R.September 1, 2018

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Impact Response Evaluation of a Restrained Whole Human Body Finite Element Model Under Far‐side 90 and 60 Degree ImpactsArun, M.W.J.; Umale, S.; Humm, J.R.; Yoganandan, N.; Pintar, F.A.September 14, 2016

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Identifying the properties of ultra-soft materials using a new methodology of combined specimen-specific finite element model and optimization techniquesZhu, Feng; Jin, Xin; Guan, Fengjiao; Zhang, Liying; Mao, Haojie; Yang, King H.; King, Albert I.December 1, 2010

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The influence of pre-existing rib fractures on Global Human Body Models Consortium thorax response in frontal and oblique impactZaseck, Lauren Wood; Chen, Cong; Hu, Jingwen; Reed, Matthew P.; Rupp, JonathanMarch 1, 2018

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A Numerical Investigation on the Variation in Hip Injury Tolerance With Occupant Posture During Frontal CollisionsYue, Neng; Untaroiu, Costin D.July 1, 2014

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Development and Validation of an Occupant Lower Limb Finite Element ModelYue, Neng; Shin, Jaeho; Untaroiu, Costin D.April 1, 2011

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A Parametric Study of Age-Related Factors Affecting Intracranial Responses under Impact Loading Using a Human Head/Brain FE ModelYanaoka, Toshiyuki; Dokko, Y.January 1, 2013

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Cross-sectional neck response of a total human body FE model during simulated frontal and side automobile impacts.White, Nicholas A.; Moreno, Daniel P.; Gayzik, F. Scott; Stitzel, Joel D.February 1, 2015

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Effects of cervical arthrodesis and arthroplasty on neck response during a simulated frontal automobile collisionWhite, Nicholas A.; Moreno, Daniel P.; Brown, Philip J.; Gayzik, F. Scott; Hsu, Wesley; Powers, Alexander K.; Stitzel, Joel D.September 1, 2014

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Head and Neck Response of a Finite Element Anthropomorphic Test Device and Human Body Model during a Simulated Rotary-Wing Aircraft Impact.White, Nicholas A.; Danelson, Kerry A.; Stitzel, Joel D.November 1, 2014

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Effects of cervical arthroplasty on neck response during a simulated rotary-wing aircraft impactWhite, Nicholas A.; Danelson, Kerry A.; Gayzik, F. Scott; Hsu, Wesley; Powers, Alexander K.; Stitzel, Joel D.September 12, 2015

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Pelvic Response of a Total Human Body Finite Element Model During Simulated Under Body Blast ImpactsWeaver, Caitlin; Stitzel, JoelJanuary 1, 2015

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Investigation of the mass distribution of a detailed seated male finite element modelVavalle, Nicholas A.; Thompson, A. Bradley; Hayes, Ashley R.; Moreno, Daniel P.; Stitzel, Joel D.; Gayzik, F. ScottJune 1, 2014

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Application of Radial Basis Function Methods in the Development of a 95th Percentile Male Seated FEA ModelVavalle, Nicholas A.; Schoell, Samantha L.; Weaver, Ashley A.; Stitzel, Joel D.; Gayzik, F. ScottJanuary 1, 2015

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The effect of impactor location and velocity variation on validation of an advanced human body finite element model.Vavalle, Nicholas A.; Moreno, Daniel P.; Stitzel, Joel D.; Gayzik, F. ScottJanuary 1, 2012

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Lateral Impact Validation of a Geometrically Accurate Full Body Finite Element Model for Blunt Injury PredictionVavalle, Nicholas A.; Moreno, Daniel P.; Rhyne, Ashley C.; Stitzel, Joel D.; Gayzik, F. ScottMarch 1, 2013

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An Evaluation of Objective Rating Methods for Full-Body Finite Element Model Comparison to PMHS TestsVavalle, Nicholas A.; Jelen, Benjamin C.; Moreno, Daniel P.; Stitzel, Joel D.; Gayzik, F. ScottJanuary 1, 2013

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Quantitative Validation of a Human Body Finite Element Model Using Rigid Body ImpactsVavalle, Nicholas A.; Davis, Matthew L.; Stitzel, Joel D.; Gayzik, F. ScottSeptember 1, 2015

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A Finite Element Model of the Lower Limb for Simulating Automotive ImpactsUntaroiu, Costin D.; Yue, Neng; Shin, JaehoMarch 1, 2013

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Development and Preliminary Validation of a 50th Percentile Pedestrian Finite Element ModelUntaroiu, Costin D.; Putnam, Jacob B.; Schap, Jeremy; Davis, Matthew L.; Gayzik, F. ScottAugust 2, 2015

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Modeling the biomechanical and injury response of human liver parenchyma under tensile loadingUntaroiu, Costin D.; Lu, Yuan-Chiao; Siripurapu, Sundeep K.; Kemper, Andrew R.January 1, 2015

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Methods for validation of the mass distribution of a full body finite element modelThompson, A. Bradley; Rhyne, Ashley C.; Moreno, Daniel P.; Gayzik, F. Scott; Stitzel, Joel D.January 1, 2011

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A paradigm for Human Body finite element model integration from a set of regional modelsThompson, A. Bradley; Gayzik, F. Scott; Moreno, Daniel P.; Rhyne, Ashley C.; Vavalle, Nicholas A.; Stitzel, Joel D.January 1, 2012

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A Comparison between Simulated and Measured Human Brain Response under Mild AccelerationTalebanpour, L.; Smith, L.September 1, 2017

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Development of brain injury criteria (BrIC)Takhounts, Erik G.; Craig, Matthew J.; Moorhouse, Kevin; McFadden, Joe; Hasija, VikasNovember 1, 2013

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An Investigation of Dimensional Scaling Using Cervical Spine Motion Segment Finite Element ModelsSingh, Dilaver; Cronin, Duane S.January 1, 2017

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A Finite Element Model of the Foot and Ankle for Automotive Impact ApplicationsShin, Jaeho; Yue, Neng; Untaroiu, Costin D.December 1, 2012

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Biomechanical and Injury Response of Human Foot and Ankle Under Complex LoadingShin, Jaeho; Untaroiu, Costin D.September 1, 2013

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Out-of-Position Rear Impact Tissue-Level Investigation Using Detailed Finite Element Neck ModelShateri, Hamed; Cronin, Duane S.April 30, 2015

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Development of a belted occupant FE model for prediction of chest injury risk based on stress and strain analysisXiao, S; Yang, J; Huang, J; Crandall, JFebruary 1, 2017

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Development of a simplified finite element model of the 50th percentile male occupant lower extremity.Schwartz, Doron; Moreno, Daniel P.; Stitzel, Joel D.; Gayzik, F. ScottJanuary 1, 2014

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Development of a Computationally Efficient Full Human Body Finite Element ModelSchwartz, Doron; Guleyupoglu, Berkan; Koya, Bharath; Stitzel, Joel D.; Gayzik, F. Scott; Scott, F.; Scott Gayzik, F.January 1, 2015

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Age- and Sex-Specific Thorax Finite Element Model Development and SimulationSchoell, Samantha L.; Weaver, Ashley A.; Vavalle, Nicholas A.; Stitzel, Joel D.June 1, 2015

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Development and Validation of an Older Occupant Finite Element Model of a Mid-Sized Male for Investigation of Age-related Injury Risk.Schoell, Samantha L.; Weaver, Ashley A.; Urban, Jillian E.; Jones, Derek A.; Stitzel, Joel D.; Hwang, Eunjoo; Reed, Matthew P.; Rupp, Jonathan D.January 1, 2015

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Methods for comparison of abdominal organ location and shape in the supine and upright positions.Rhyne, Ashley C.; Gayzik, F. Scott; Moreno, Daniel P.; Stitzel, Joel D.January 1, 2012

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The Contribution of Pre-impact Posture on Restrained Occupant Finite Element Model Response in Frontal ImpactPoulard, David; Subit, Damien; Nie, Bingbing; Donlon, John-Paul; Kent, Richard W.October 1, 2015

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Thoracic response targets for a computational model: A hierarchical approach to assess the biofidelity of a 50th-percentile occupant male finite element modelPoulard, David; Kent, Richard W.; Kindig, Matthew W.; Li, Zuoping; Subit, DamienMay 1, 2015

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Evaluation of Biofidelity of Finite Element 50th Percentile Male Human Body Model (GHBMC) under Lateral Shoulder Impact ConditionsPark, Gwansik; Kim, Taewung; Subit, Damien; Donlon, John P.; Crandall, Jeff R.; Svenderson, Andy; Saunders, Nathaniel; Markusic, CraigSeptember 10, 2014

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Validation of Shoulder Response of Human Body Finite-Element Model (GHBMC) Under Whole Body Lateral Impact ConditionPark, Gwansik; Kim, Taewung; Panzer, Matthew B.; Crandall, Jeff R.August 1, 2016

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Evaluation of biofidelity of side impact computational surrogates (ES-2re, WorldSID, GHBMC)Park, Gwansik; Kim, Taewung; Crandall, Jeff R.; Svendsen, Andy; Saunders, Nathaniel; Markusic, CraigJanuary 1, 2014

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Comparison of kinematics of GHBMC to PMHS on the side impact conditionPark, Gwansik; Kim, Taewung; Crandall, Jeff R.; Arregui-Dalmases, Carlos; Luz{'{o}}n Narro, Benito JavierJanuary 1, 2013

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Estimation of pelvis injuries and head impact time using different pedestrian human FE modelsPal, Chinmoy; Okabe, Tomosaburo; Vimalathithan, Kulothungan; Manoharan, Jeyabharath; Muthanandam, Muthukumar; Narayanan, SatheeshJanuary 1, 2014

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Development and validation of an atlas-based finite element brain modelMiller, Logan E.; Urban, Jillian E.; Stitzel, Joel D.October 1, 2016

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A finite element model of a six-year-old child for simulating pedestrian accidentsMeng, Yunzhu; Pak, Wansoo; Guleyupoglu, Berkan; Koya, Bharath; Gayzik, F. Scott; Untaroiu, Costin D.January 1, 2017

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Strain rate dependent properties of younger human cervical spine ligamentsMattucci, Stephen F. E.; Moulton, Jeffrey A.; Chandrashekar, Naveen; Cronin, Duane S.June 1, 2012

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Strain rate dependent properties of human craniovertebral ligamentsMattucci, Stephen F. E.; Moulton, Jeffrey A.; Chandrashekar, Naveen; Cronin, Duane S.July 1, 2013

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A method to characterize average cervical spine ligament response based on raw data sets for implementation into injury biomechanics modelsMattucci, Stephen F. E.; Cronin, Duane S.January 1, 2015

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Development of a Finite Element Human Head Model Partially Validated With Thirty Five Experimental CasesMao, Haojie; Zhang, Liying; Jiang, Binhui; Genthikatti, Vinay V.; Jin, Xin; Zhu, Feng; Makwana, Rahul; Gill, Amandeep; Jandir, Gurdeep; Singh, Amrinder; Yang, King H.September 1, 2013

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Development of high-quality hexahedral human brain meshes using feature-based multi-block approachMao, Haojie; Gao, Haitao; Cao, Libo; Genthikatti, Vinay V.; Yang, King H.March 1, 2013

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Statistical modeling of human liver incorporating the variations in shape, size, and material properties.Lu, Yuan-Chiao; Kemper, Andrew R.; Gayzik, F. Scott; Untaroiu, Costin D.; Beillas, PhilippeNovember 1, 2013

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Influence of mesh density, cortical thickness and material properties on human rib fracture predictionLi, Zuoping; Kindig, Matthew W.; Subit, Damien; Kent, Richard W.November 1, 2010

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Study of rib fracture mechanisms based on the rib strain profiles in side and forward oblique impact.Leport, Tiphaine; Baudrit, Pascal; Potier, Pascal; Trosseille, Xavier; Lecuyer, Erwan; Vallancien, GuyNovember 1, 2011

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Effect of Abdominal Loading Location on Liver Motion: Experimental Assessment using Ultrafast Ultrasound Imaging and Simulation with a Human Body Model.Le Ruyet, Anicet; Berthet, Fabien; Rongieras, Frederic; Beillas, PhilippeNovember 1, 2016

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Structural response of cadaveric ribcages under a localized loading: stiffness and kinematic trends.Kindig, Matthew W.; Lau, Anthony G.; Forman, Jason L.; Kent, Richard W.November 1, 2010

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A new cortical thickness mapping method with application to an in vivo finite element modelKim, Young Ho; Kim, Jong-Eun; Eberhardt, Alan W.July 1, 2014

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Comparison of Whole-Body Kinematic Behaviour of the GHBMC Occupant Model to PMHS in Far-Side Sled TestsKatagiri, Maika; Zhao, Jay; Kerrigan, Jason; Kent, Richard; Forman, JasonSeptember 1, 2016

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Skull Thickness Morphing for an Age and Sex Specific FE Model of the Skull.Jones, Derek A.; Urban, Jillian E.; Lillie, Elizabeth M.; Stitzel, Joel D.January 1, 2015

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Comparison of Kriging and Moving Least Square Methods to Change the Geometry of Human Body Models.Jolivet, Erwan; Lafon, Yoann; Petit, Philippe; Beillas, PhilippeNovember 1, 2015

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A comprehensive experimental study on material properties of human brain tissueJin, Xin; Zhu, Feng; Mao, Haojie; Shen, Ming; Yang, King H.November 1, 2013

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The Effects of Cadaver Orientation on the Relative Position of the Abdominal Organs.Howes, Meghan K.; Hardy, Warren N.; Beillas, PhilippeJanuary 1, 2013

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Kinematics of the thoracoabdominal contents under various loading scenarios.Howes, Meghan K.; Gregory, T. Stan; Hardy, Warren N.; Beillas, PhilippeOctober 1, 2012

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Validation of Simulated Chestband Data in Frontal and Lateral Loading Using a Human Body Finite Element Model.Hayes, Ashley R.; Vavalle, Nicholas A.; Moreno, Daniel P.; Stitzel, Joel D.; Gayzik, F. ScottFebruary 1, 2014

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Comparison of Organ Location, Morphology, and Rib Coverage of a Midsized Male in the Supine and Seated PositionsHayes, Ashley R.; Gayzik, F. Scott; Moreno, Daniel P.; Martin, R. Shayn; Stitzel, Joel D.January 1, 2013

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Abdominal Organ Location, Morphology, and Rib Coverage for the 5th, 50th, and 95th Percentile Males and Females in the Supine and Seated Posture using Multi-Modality Imaging.Hayes, Ashley R.; Gayzik, F. Scott; Moreno, Daniel P.; Martin, R. Shayn; Stitzel, Joel D.January 1, 2013

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The Role of Fluid Dynamics in Distributing Ankle Stresses in Anatomic and Injured StatesHamid, Kamran S.; Scott, Aaron T.; Nwachukwu, Benedict U.; Danelson, Kerry A.December 1, 2016

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The Effect of Pre-Crash Velocity Reduction on Occupant Response Using a Human Body Finite Element ModelGuleyupoglu, Berkan; Vavalle, Nicholas A.; Schap, Jeremy; Kusano, K. D.; Gayzik, F. ScottJanuary 1, 2015

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Development of a full body CAD dataset for computational modeling: A multi-modality approachGayzik, F. Scott; Moreno, Daniel P.; Geer, C. P.; Wuertzer, S. D.; Martin, R. Shayn; Stitzel, Joel D.October 1, 2011

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External Landmark, Body Surface, and Volume Data of a Mid-Sized Male in Seated and Standing PosturesGayzik, F. Scott; Moreno, Daniel P.; Danelson, Kerry A.; McNally, Craig; Klinich, Kathleen D.; Stitzel, Joel D.September 1, 2012

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A Multi-Modality Image Data Collection Protocol for Full Body Finite Element Model DevelopmentGayzik, F. Scott; Hamilton, Craig A.; Tan, Josh C.; McNally, Craig; Duma, Stefan M.; Klinich, Kathleen D.; Stitzel, Joel D.June 1, 2009

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A pseudo-elastic effective material property representation of the costal cartilage for use in finite element models of the whole human body.Forman, Jason L.; de Dios, Eduardo del Pozo; Kent, Richard W.December 1, 2010

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Cervical Spine Model to Predict Capsular Ligament Response in Rear ImpactFice, Jason B.; Cronin, Duane S.; Panzer, Matthew B.August 1, 2011

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Investigation of whiplash injuries in the upper cervical spine using a detailed neck modelFice, Jason B.; Cronin, Duane S.April 1, 2012

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Numerical Modeling of Whiplash InjuryFice, Jason B.January 1, 2010

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Incorporating Muscle Activation Dynamics into the Global Human Body ModelFeller, Lacie; Kleinback, Christian; Fehr, Jorg; Schmitt, SynJanuary 1, 2016

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Cervical Spine Segment Finite Element Model Validation and Verification at Traumatic Loading Levels for Injury PredictionDeWit, Jennifer A.; Cronin, Duane S.September 1, 2010

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Cervical spine segment finite element model for traumatic injury predictionDeWit, Jennifer A.; Cronin, Duane S.June 1, 2012

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Cervical Spine Segment Modeling at Traumatic Loading Levels for Injury PredictionDeWit, Jennifer A.; Cronin, Duane S.January 1, 2012

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A technique for developing CAD geometry of long bones using clinical CT data.Davis, Matthew L.; Vavalle, Nicholas A.; Stitzel, Joel D.; Gayzik, F. ScottNovember 1, 2015

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An evaluation of mass-normalization using 50th and 95th percentile human body finite element models in frontal crashDavis, Matthew L.; Vavalle, Nicholas A.; Gayzik, F. ScottSeptember 1, 2015

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Thoracoabdominal organ volumes for small women.Davis, Matthew L.; Stitzel, Joel D.; Gayzik, F. ScottAugust 1, 2015

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Human liver finite element model validation using compressive and tensile experimental dataDavis, Matthew L.; Moreno, Daniel P.; Vavalle, Nicholas A.; Gayzik, F. ScottJanuary 1, 2013

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Development and Full Body Validation of a 5th Percentile Female Finite Element Model.Davis, Matthew L.; Koya, Bharath; Schap, Jeremy M.; Gayzik, F. ScottNovember 1, 2016

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Upper Cervical Spine Kinematic Response and Injury PredictionCronin, Duane S.; Fice, Jason B.; DeWit, Jennifer A.; Moulton, Jeffrey A.January 1, 2012

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Contour Based Repositioning of Specific Joints of the GHBMC Human Body FE Model (SAE Technical Paper)Chawla, Anoop; Singh, Sukhraj; Paruchuri, Sachiv; Chhabra, AdityaJanuary 1, 2017

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Lower Cervical Spine Motion Segment Computational Model Validation: Kinematic and Kinetic Response for Quasi-Static and Dynamic LoadingBarker, Jeffrey B.; Cronin, Duane S.; Nightingale, Roger W.May 1, 2017

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High Rotation Rate Behavior of Cervical Spine Segments in Flexion and ExtensionBarker, Jeffrey B.; Cronin, Duane S.; Chandrashekar, NaveenOctober 1, 2014

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High Strain Rate Behaviour of Cervical Spine Segments in Flexion and ExtensionBarker, Jeffrey B.January 1, 2012

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Evaluation of kinematics and injuries to restrained occupants in far-side crashes using full-scale vehicle and human body modelsArun, Mike W. J.; Umale, Sagar; Humm, John R.; Yoganandan, Narayan; Hadagali, Prasanaah; Pintar, Frank A.September 1, 2016

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Biofidelity Evaluation of a Restrained Whole Body Finite Element Model under Frontal Impact using Kinematics Data from PMHS Sled TestsArun, M. W.; Humm, J. R.; Yoganandan, N.; Pintar, F. A.January 1, 2015

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A Parametric Study of Hard Tissue Injury Prediction Using Finite Elements: Consideration of Geometric Complexity, Subfailure Material Properties, CT-Thresholding, and Element CharacteristicsArregui-Dalmases, Carlos; Pozo, Eduardo Del; Duprey, Sonia; Lopez-Valdes, Francisco J.; Lau, Anthony G.; Subit, Damien; Kent, Richard W.June 1, 2010

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